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Research File:
Lion Gardiner
    
    
      Lion Gardiner lived in one of the grand epochs of modern times; that which witnessed the rise of the Republic in Holland, the establishment of the Commonwealth in England, and the colonization of the Puritans in New England. He was born in the days of Queen Elizabeth, the House of Sturart. In the struggle between the King and Parliament, he adhered to the Parliament party; was a dissenter, and friend of the Puritans.
    
      Volunteering to maintain the Republican standard in Holland, he went thither with English allies under Lord Vere in the time of Charles I. Here he became Lieutenant of Engineers and Master of works of Fortification in the legers of the Prince of Orange in the Low Countries. While there, eminent Puritans, acting for a company of Lords and gentlemen approached him with an offer to go to New England in company with John Winthrop Jr. build a Fort with houses for men of Quality expecting to settle there, and lay out a town on the new plantation in project at the mouth of Connecticut River. The offer was accepted through the persuasion of Hugh Peters, pastor of a Church of English exiles at Rotterdam, and John Davenport a dissenting minister from London. He was to receive 100 pounds per annum for a term of four years, himself and family furnished transportation, and subsistence, to the place of destination, to serve the company only in the drawing, ordering and making of a city, town and Fort of defence, under direction of John Winthrop the younger.
    
      On 10 July 1635 Lion Gardiner left Worden, taking passage at Rotterdam for London, and on 16 August set sail for New England, being 3 months and 10 days from Gravesend to Boston. Early in 1636 the good ship "Batchelor" of twenty-five tons, which had carried himself and family safely from Holland to England and across the Atlantic, through many tempests, bore them safely to their destination. The passengers are mentioned as 12 men and 2 women with freight for the construction of the Fort. Iorn work for two drawbridges; consisting of 62 staples, 40 staple hooks for Port-cullis, 4 chains, 10 boults, 4 plates, 8 chain-clasps, 4 under-hinges, 23 1/2 yards of red flagg-stuff, small lines and a wheel-barrow are mentioned. Lieutenant Gardiners household consisted of himself aged 36, his wife Mary aged 34, Elizabeth Collett, maid servant age 23, and William Jope workmaster aged 40, who all brought certificates from a Calvinistic church in Holland.
    
      With the men and means at his command, a Fort of square hewn timber, with ditch and palisade, was soon consturcted; that could not be successfully assailed by approaches on firm ground. After commanding the fortress for four years, laying out into squares the entire acreage within the Neck-Gate, perambulating and surveying the country fro ten miles around, balzing trees and setting up mere-stones to mark the town-boundry, Lion Gardiner of trading closth from the Montauk Indians, an island laying adjacent to what is now the town of Easthampton on Long Island and which now bears his nam, he removed thither with his family; taking soldiers from the Fort to defend, and being under cultivation the 3000 acres his purchase comprised. It was the earliest English settlement within the limits of present State of New York.
    
      In Wyandance, a younger brother of the grand Sachem who lived on Shelter Island, he found a trusted friend. Gardiners Island being open to Indian depredations without such an ally, would have been a more hazardous spot than Saybrook Fort menace by 700 Pequot warriors. By such friendly relations, he was able to foil conspiracies against English settlements of older date. After 13 years on the Island, he removed to East-Hampton, where he died in 1656 aged 63 years. The Island which he gave to his wife, she bequeathed to her eldest son David; "en-tail" to the first male heirs following forever. Right to the Island was confirmed by grant from the Earl of Sterling, whose patent included territory in which it was embraced, after the islands of the Sound passed to New Netherlands. Under the grant, David Gardiner could make such laws as he pleased, for civil and church government; if "according to God and King."
    
      In 1664, the English having dispossed the Dutch at New Netherlands, Gardiner obtained from Governor Nichols a new grant, for a quitrent of 5 pounds a year. In 1683, the Island was attached to the County of Suffolk for taxable purposes. David Gardiner feeling aggrieved, petioned the Governor for relief; praying for an Independent Jurisdiction for the Island. Governor Dougans confirmatory grant, created the Island in 1686, "One Lordship and Manor of Gardiners Island". Practically this did not change anything, as the Island was created a Manor by the Earl of Sterlings grant to Davids frather Lion Gardiner. The original document conferring this title, with the unique seal of the Province, is a trophy still preserved; also the Geneva Bible with its family record in Lion Gardiners handwritting. Thus the early proprietors were authorized to call themselves "American Lords."
    

Lion died in 1663 at East Hampton, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York.4
Children of Lion Gardiner and Mary Dirksdr Deurcant

David Gardiner+ b. 29 Apr 1636, d. 10 Jul 1689
Mary Gardiner b. 10 Aug 1638, d. a 1727/28
Elizabeth Gardiner b. 14 Sep 1641, d. 1664


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